Paraprofessional Roles & Responsibilities

Understand the various roles of paraprofessionals (Paras) in the classroom and explore ways to engage them in your lesson.

Paraprofessional Roles & Responsibilities
  • Getting Started
  • Planning
  • Classroom Partners

Paraprofessional Roles & Responsibilities

Try

Share goals, expectations, and specific roles with Paraprofessionals at the beginning of class.

Try

Invite Paraprofessionals to participate in activities.

 Learn

There are two different types of Paraprofessionals: Classroom Paraprofessionals (for the entire class) and 1:1 Paraprofessionals (for individual students).

Remote Teaching and Learning Tip:

Paraprofessionals’ roles are wide-ranging both in-person and remotely. Our resource for Remote Learning: Who is in the Virtual Room? can help you work with Paraprofessionals, other Classroom Professionals, and Caregivers when you teach remotely.

  • Leading a small group
  • Reviewing content one-on-one with a student
  • Working alongside the teacher
  • Prompting communication
  • Modeling an activity

  • Providing instruction to a student one-on-one
  • Prompting a student to respond to social cues
  • Reminding a student of expected behavior
  • Utilizing speech devices or modules

  • Implementing Behavior Intervention Plans
  • Providing praise and positive reinforcement for appropriate behavior
  • Giving a student a break after they have completed a set number of tasks
  • Re-focusing the student on the task at hand
  • Giving the student a reward for remaining on task
  • Prompting the student to sit down, stand up, or participate

  • Providing verbal prompts
  • Providing physical prompts
  • Using a visual schedule
  • Using a timer
  • Giving the student a token/reward
  • Redirecting the student back to a task
  • Pairing the student with an appropriate classmate
  • Taking a student on a break

The GIVE Resource: Who is in the Classroom? Collaborating with Classroom Professionals  can assist with ideas for how to engage Paraprofessionals in your work.

External Resources